Introduced by the Spaniards and Mexicans around the middle of the 19th Century, silversmithing Navajos obtained metal by melting down American silver dollars or Mexican pesos.
It's believed that Navajos began working with turquoise after returning from Fort Sumner, New Mexico in 1868. Aside from its ornamental value, turquoise is especially important to the Navajo people because of the ceremonial significance.
Because of the beauty of Navajo jewelry, other countries make copies and pass it off as Navajo. Don't assume anything. Always ask if the silver is sterling, if the turquoise is genuine, and if it is a Navajo made. Federal Law regulates statements of authenticity.
The earliest type of Navajo pottery excavated were of utilitarian ware dating from 1500-1700. After the Long Walk in the 1860's, manufactured ware was made readily available by trading posts and this caused a tremendous slowdown in Navajo pottery making. Pottery was then produced mainly for ceremonial use.
Traditional Navajo pottery usually has little or no design. Melted pinon pitch is normally applied, giving it a glossy finish and making the pottery waterproof. Random gray and black markings on the pottery pieces are called fire clouds caused by direct contact with burning fuel during firing. Some pieces are decorated with appliques or designs etched or incised into the pottery.
In traditional Navajo pottery, authenticity can usually be determined by the presence of the pitch glaze. Contemporary pieces are usually made for commercial trade resulting in a resurgence of Navajo pottery making. Today's Navajo pottery is not confined to traditional methods and styles, and the craft is experiencing new and creative adaptations.
To ensure authenticity of Navajo arts and crafts, be sure to purchase them from a reliable source, such as Navajo Arts and Crafts Enterprise, owned and operated by the Navajo Nation.
NAVAJO WEDDING BASKET
Navajos believe that the Holy People who originated with First Man and First Woman, made baskets for ceremonial purposes. Each part of the basket has a special significance. Today, apart from their
ceremonial usage, Navajos also use baskets as household displays.
As the name implies, the basket is used in Navajo Wedding Ceremonies.
Navajo rug weaving is recognized throughout the world, not only because of its aesthetic qualities, but also because of its unique stylistic changes. Navajo women believe the art of weaving was taught by Spider Woman, who constructed a loom according to directions given by the Holy People. Today distinct styles of rugs identify designs woven in different regions: Two Grey Hills, Ganado, TeecNosPos and Crystal-all famous world wide.
Sandpainting - an other unique and symbolic art form originating with the Holy People, was and still is primarily ceremonial purposes. Sandpaintings represent an array of ceremonies and sacred songs. These ceremonies are held for Navajo individuals and their family members only.
The art of sandpainting in the present day has been transformed into art on board by using sand to design pictures for public consumption. If Navajo deities are used, specific elements of the deities are eliminate before they are sold to the public.